Making Manuscripts: A video from the Getty Museum
Binding- The sewing and covering of a manuscript.
Binding Medium- An ingredient in paint or ink that binds the pigment to the embellished surface. For example, egg white, gum, glue.
Border- Decoration surrounding the text or image, occupying the marginal areas or intercolumnar space.
Codex- A book of folded sheets sewn along one edge. The most popular book form in the Christian Middle Ages.
Foliation- The numbering of folios.
Folio- A sheet of writing material. Abbreviated as f., or fol.
Gilding/Gilt- The application of gold and silver to the folio surface, as ink or gold/silver leaf.
Illumination- The embellishment of a manuscript with brilliant colors, including gold and silver.
Illuminator- The artist producing the illumination. The illuminator may or may not also be the scribe.
Manuscript- A hand-written book.
Miniature- An illustration independent of another aspect of the decorative scheme.
Paleography- The study of script and the history of script.
Parchment- A writing support material derived from prepared animal skin.
Picture Cycle- A series of illuminations of related subject matter.
Pigment- The coloring agent in paint derived from vegetable, mineral, and animal extracts. The pigment is mixed with the binding medium and applied to the surface to be decorated.
Psalter- The Book of Psalms. Compiled for liturgical or personal use.
Recto- The front side of a folio. Abbreviated as r.
Register- A horizontal tier in an illumination.
Scribe- The person physically copying text onto the folio surface. The scribe may or may not also be the illuminator.
Shelf Mark- A series of numbers and letters used to identify the manuscript's location in a library.
Typology- The interpretive system in Christian thought where the events of the Old Testament are seen as prefigurations of the New Testament. The New Testament is a fulfillment of the Old Testament.
Verso- The back side of a folio. Abbreviated as v.
Vellum- A specific type of parchment made from calfskin.